Friday, 19 July, 2024

Understanding Disabled Person Trusts: Securing Financial Support for Those in Need

For individuals with disabilities, planning for financial security and long-term care is crucial. A Disabled Person Trust, also known as a Special Needs Trust, is a vital legal tool designed to provide financial support while preserving eligibility for government benefits. This type of trust ensures that individuals with disabilities receive the necessary resources without jeopardizing their access to essential public assistance programs.

What is a Disabled Person Trust?

A Disabled Person Trust is a legal arrangement that allows a person, known as the grantor, to set aside funds or assets for the benefit of an individual with a disability, known as the beneficiary. Unlike traditional trusts, a Disabled Person Trust is specifically designed to complement government benefits such as Supplemental Security Income (SSI) and Medicaid, rather than replacing them.

Key Benefits of a Disabled Person Trust

  1. Preservation of Government Benefits: One of the primary advantages of a Disabled Person Trust is its ability to preserve eligibility for government benefits. Funds in the trust are not counted as the beneficiary’s personal assets, so they do not impact eligibility for programs like SSI or Medicaid. This ensures that the beneficiary can continue to receive critical health care and financial support.
  2. Supplemental Support: The trust provides additional resources that can be used to enhance the beneficiary’s quality of life. This might include covering costs for education, entertainment, travel, or other personal needs that are not covered by government programs. The trust can ensure that the beneficiary has access to funds for these additional needs without compromising their benefits.
  3. Flexible Management: A Disabled Person Trust allows for flexible management of the beneficiary’s assets. The trustee, who is appointed by the grantor, is responsible for managing the trust funds and making distributions according to the terms of the trust. This can include providing financial support, managing investments, and ensuring that the beneficiary’s needs are met.
  4. Protecting Assets from Creditors: Assets held in a Disabled Person Trust are generally protected from creditors and legal claims. This protection can be particularly valuable if the beneficiary faces financial challenges or legal issues, as it ensures that the trust assets remain secure and available for their intended purpose.
  5. Long-Term Planning: The trust provides a structured plan for managing and distributing assets over time. This is especially important for individuals with disabilities who may require ongoing care and support. The trust can be designed to provide for the beneficiary throughout their lifetime, ensuring their financial needs are met even after the grantor’s death.

Setting Up a Disabled Person Trust

Creating a Disabled Person Trust involves several important steps:

  1. Consultation with an Attorney: It is essential Disabled person trust to work with an attorney who specializes in estate planning and special needs law. They can help design the trust to meet legal requirements and align with the beneficiary’s specific needs.
  2. Drafting the Trust Document: The trust document outlines the terms of the trust, including how the funds will be managed, the roles and responsibilities of the trustee, and how distributions will be made. This document must be carefully drafted to ensure that it complies with legal standards and meets the needs of the beneficiary.
  3. Choosing a Trustee: The trustee is responsible for managing the trust and making decisions about distributions. The grantor should choose someone trustworthy and capable of handling the responsibilities associated with managing the trust.
  4. Funding the Trust: Once the trust is established, assets must be transferred into the trust. This could include cash, investments, or other property. Properly funding the trust ensures that there are resources available to support the beneficiary.
  5. Ongoing Management and Review: Regularly reviewing and updating the trust is important to ensure it continues to meet the beneficiary’s needs and comply with any changes in laws or regulations.


A Disabled Person Trust is a powerful tool for providing financial security and support for individuals with disabilities. By preserving eligibility for government benefits and offering supplemental resources, the trust ensures that beneficiaries receive the care and support they need while protecting their financial interests. Working with a knowledgeable attorney to set up and manage the trust can help families navigate the complexities of special needs planning and ensure that their loved ones are well cared for now and in the future.